Sump Pump Types - What are the Different Types of Sump Pumps?

Sump pumps are important systems to help avoid flooding and other water damage in homes or commercial buildings with basements. There are different types of sump pumps, though, and it’s good to know what their benefits are so you can choose the one that’s right for your needs, as well as understand how they work.

Here’s what you need to know about sump pump types before installing one yourself.

Submersible Sump Pumps

The most commonly used type of sump pump, these pumps contain a motor and pump inside a waterproof container that’s submerged in your sump pit. These models can be easily removed and set up elsewhere if needed, which is why they’re ideal for backup systems—say, in case your primary system fails—and areas with variable water levels. They’re also less expensive than other models. 


Battery Backup Sump Pumps

This is a really good idea if you live in a location where power outages are common. A battery-powered back up sump pump can help prevent water from backing up into your basement and causing damage. We recommend getting one with 2 or 3 days’ worth of battery charge in case there’s a severe weather event that causes an extended power outage, or another emergency that requires you to shut off power to protect your home.

When you have a basement, there’s a high probability that you’ll get flooded at some point. Given how devastating a flooded basement can be, it makes sense to invest in a backup sump pump system. If your primary pump fails—due to maintenance or power outages—the backup sump pump will kick in and save your home.


Horizontal Centrifugal Sump Pumps

These pumps consist of an impeller mounted on a horizontal axis with a volute casing that houses and directs water to a discharge port. The majority of residential and commercial applications use these, as they’re incredibly versatile and easy to install.

Water Powered Sump Pumps

Water powered sump pumps are ideal for places that do not have access to a power source. It uses water that is stored in a basin or tank, with filtration to remove sediments. The water then passes through a pipe attached to an impeller which helps pump out water to keep your home dry and free from flooding. 



Centrifugal Sump Pumps

The most common type, centrifugal pumps rely on spinning to produce suction. Their small design and high capacity make them well-suited for smaller basements or those with low water tables. They also tend to be quiet and affordable, although they do have a lower pumping rate than submersible models. 



Vertical Centrifugal Sump Pumps

Vertical pumps deliver a constant, powerful flow of water to your drainage system and are an excellent choice for handling heavy sump-pumping jobs. In addition, these pumps have double-walled vertical pumps deliver a constant, powerful flow of water to your drainage system and are an excellent choice for handling heavy sump-pumping jobs. 



Which type of Sump Pump is best for my home? 

Depending on where you live, various sump pump types are better than others. Here’s a list of advantages and disadvantages to help you determine which type of sump pump is best for your home. The other thing that might be helpful in determining what kind of sump pump will work well with your needs is understanding exactly how each pump works. 

For example, if you’re located in an area that receives above-average rainfalls, then it would be good to know that submersible pumps have some limitations when placed in standing water. Or if you use an ejector style sump pump frequently during storm season, then knowing these pumps drain slowly can save you a lot of time! Either way, comparing these different sump pump types provides insight into what kinds of factors must be considered before deciding on one or another. These factors include installation requirements as well as long-term maintenance costs. 

When comparing pumps, make sure to factor in any necessary adapters as part of your decision making process as well. It is important to consider all relevant information before choosing a sump pump for your home because every homeowner wants one that can provide years of service without breaking down too quickly or causing unnecessary extra expense along the way!

Advantages of Using a Sump Pump in Your Home


A sump pump is a motorized device that removes water from areas where it cannot be naturally removed, such as basements and cellars. There are different types of sump pumps for different purposes, but all can serve to prevent water damage in your home.

A sump pump should be one of your first lines of defense against basement flooding and other water damage, not a last resort. Use these advantages to decide if adding a sump pump to your home makes sense Sump pumps can also be used for emptying out aquariums or small ponds with minimal setup issues.

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